Relation de voyage – El Jadida, Maroc

Jean-Pierre Laurant Laurant, PierLuigi Zoccatelli

Abstract


From 20 to 22 September 2012, CESNUR (Center for Studies on New Religions) and the Faculty of Arts and Humanities of Chouaib Doukkali University, held in El Jadida (Morocco) an international symposium on the theme Religion in a Globalized Context: the Mediterranean and the World. During the conference we visited places of healing: the mausoleums of the founder of the tariqa Shuaybiya, Moulay Bouchaib Erredad, in Azemmour, and Lalla Aicha Bahriya, after the passage of the Um-er-Rbia. The stakes are multiple today around the tombs of saints: political on the one hand, with the problem of access to health care for a significant proportion of society; politico-religious on the other hand, with that of Islamic orthodoxy, practices which have always been suspect to both political and religious authorities. During the field research we were able to deepen the legacy of a Sufi brotherhood whose recent history is linked to the figure of the French-Egyptian traditionalist thinker René Guénon. We refer to Roger Maridort, in triangular epistolary relationship with Guenon and Marcel Clavelle, who came to El Jadida to receive the baraka of Sidi Muhammad ben ‘Ali Tadili, successor of the founder of the tariqa Derqawiyya, Moulay al-‘Arbi Ddarqawi. After a visit to the zawiya of this brotherhood, we had the pleasure of entering the house of the shaykh, in which a room houses the tomb of the master of the Derqawiyya. A shelf at the other end of the room carries three framed photos: Maridort and the shaykh Tadili surrounding Guénon at his working table. This testimony is important to measure an influence that was thought to be essentially intellectual and linked, in the Maghreb at least, to its reading in French in cultured circles.


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